Saving energy costs is more important today than ever before. Saving electricity means acting in a sustainable and environmentally conscious way and also reduces your own costs. It is above all the use of an ever-increasing number of electronic devices in the household that is driving up the electricity bill. But there are some tips and tricks that can help you reduce your energy costs quickly and easily.
The biggest energy consumption does not occur in the house or apartment itself, it is usually the heating pump in the basement. Outdated heating pumps are among the biggest electricity guzzlers, potentially consuming 500 kWh or more a year and adding up to 150 euros to the electricity bill. New heating pumps, by comparison, can use up to 80% less energy because they are self-regulating and even switch off completely in the summer when they are not needed. Units older than ten years should therefore be replaced.
Cooking with an electric stove is another electricity guzzler. After all, it is used daily in most households, usually more than once. If you are someone who likes to cook at home frequently, you can expect an annual consumption of 445 kWh or more. However, if you follow a few easy tips, you can save a lot of money. This includes, for example, choosing a pot size that matches the size of the hotplate. Using a kettle to heat water is also much more energy efficient than using a stove. If you heat up one litre of water a day, you can save 12 euros a year just by using a kettle. Turning off the hotplates sooner and making use of the residual heat also reduces the stove's energy consumption.
The fridge and freezer unit also rank among the appliances with the highest electricity consumption. This is because they run around the clock. Both together generate costs of up to 130 euros per year. When buying a new appliance, it is advisable to pay attention to the energy efficiency class. Efficiency class A+++ is considered optimal in this regard. New appliances are more energy-efficient than older ones, and usage habits can also have an impact on consumption. Place them somewhere cool, defrost them regularly, and only keep the doors open briefly.
Although lighting consumes a relatively small amount of electricity compared to large appliances, it can still be a significant energy drain, and saving electricity here requires very little effort. For example, it makes sense to only leave the light on when someone is in the room. Motion detectors are recommended for large outdoor areas. Also use energy-saving LEDs, which are more energy-efficient than conventional luminaires and produce a comparable brightness.
The dryer is used mainly for towels and bed linen. This is practical, but consumes extra energy. Many models continue to rotate after the end of the drying cycle to keep the laundry crease-free. For this reason, the laundry items should be removed from the dryer as soon as possible after the end of the drying cycle. To save energy when washing, always load the machine sufficiently and use a maximum washing temperature of 60 degrees.
Dishwashers are also considered electricity guzzlers, although modern appliances have made some progress here thanks to improved technology. What many people are not aware of: Using a dishwasher is still cheaper than doing it by hand. So if you want to clean your dishes as energy-efficiently as possible, make sure the appliance is well-filled. You should also refrain from pre-rinsing the dishes.
These examples show that saving electricity can be done in many different ways. What is important is to use energy-saving appliances right from the start. When buying an appliance, look at the respective energy efficiency class, of which A is the best and G the worst.