This neighbourhood, where the cobblestones are adorned with poetic verses and literary quotations, was also known as Literatos and de las Musas. Some of the most prominent writers who wrote Spanish literature lived here during the 16th and 17th centuries. In today's León Street, the first ever comedy theatres in Madrid were opened. These include Cruz and del Príncipe as well as Mentidero de los Cómicos.
For the curious visitor, this area contains one of the biggest events in Madrid, such as the Golden Art Triangle formed by Prado Museum, along with Reina Sofía and Thyssen-Bornemisza in Paseo del Prado.
In a more playful aspect, Plaza de Santa Ana is the nerve centre of the neighbourhood. It consists of a large open space installed around 1810, where taverns bring together writers and artists in their social gatherings. There is also the modernist building Hotel Victoria (1919) and the Spanish Theatre (Teatro Español), a national monument built in the same place as Príncipe. In the street of the same name, the Comedy Theatre (Teatro de la Comedia), built around 1874 to 1875 still stands. Today, Plaza de Santa Ana is packed with terraces and within its proximity, the famous German Brewery has been offering locally brewed beer since 1904.
Nearby, you will come across Plaza del Ángel, which highlights the Art Deco style Central Café (1908) and Álvarez Gato where the funhouse mirrors served as a metaphor for the absurdity of the writer Valle-Inclá. Between Atocha Street and Plaza del Ángel, there is the San Sebastián Church, which houses the remains of Lope de Vega. On the corner of Leon Huertas, there is the Real Academia de la Historia, originally built in 1788. On Lope de Vega Street, in the Convento de las San Ildefonso de Trinitarias, Spain's greatest author Cervantes was buried, although his remains were later lost.