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Energy Performance Certificate - Your Real Estate Agency in Malta

An energy performance certificate is a document that gives a rating of the energy efficiency of a building. It is produced after a professional assessment of the property.

The EPC has a similar function to a home appliance energy rating certificate.The EPC is a scale showing the energy rating of a building and how much CO₂ it produces through the use of energy. Zero (0) is considered as the most energy efficient,while the other end of the spectrum is considered as the least efficient.

This requirement has been passed down through as an EU directive (Directive 2002/91/EC) and into Maltese law, which came into effect in 2008.

Newly Built Properties and Building Permit Applications

For all applications for new buildings, the developer requires an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) based on the design rating at the time when a full development permission application is submitted to the Malta Environment and Planning Authority (MEPA).

For apartments or buildings designed for separate use in blocks that do not have a common water heating, space heating or space cooling system, the EPC shall be issued for each individual dwelling unit.

Selling and Buying On-Plan

A building being sold on-plan requires a predictive form of the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) on the design rating of the building. If the property is built before it is sold, then an Energy Performance Certificate based on the asset rating of the building is required. It is the obligation of the seller to produce the certificate and it must be handed to the prospective buyer within the period of the promise of sale (konvenju) or at the time of signing the contract of sale.

If this is not done, the law authorises the buyer to commission his own certificate and deduct all the expenses from the agreed selling price of the property.

Existing Residential Properties

For existing houses, maisonettes and apartments, you do not require an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) unless you intend to market your property for sale or hire. However, it is always beneficial to assess how much energy your property consumes and identify possible room for energy and cost savings. If you intend to sell or hire your property,however, you need to provide an EPC for your property within the period of the promise of sale (konvenju)or at the time of signing the sale (or hire) contract. Failing this,the buyer has the right to engage his own assessor and deduct the expenses from the agreed sum or from the rent due.

Public Buildings

For existing commercial banks, post offices, large showrooms and shops, cinemas, discotheques, gambling halls, wedding halls and any other large building providing service to 500 persons a day, an Energy Performance Certificate based on the asset rating is required to be displayed in a prominent place in the building by the 2nd January 2010.

New public places, as mentioned above, require an Energy Performance Certificate within one year of being connected to the Enemalta supply.

Duration of Validity

An EPC will remain valid for a number of years depending on the type of building or certificate:

- For Residential buildings, an EPC will remain valid for 10 years from the date of first issue, unless the building undergoes major renovations or alterations.

- For Public Places, the first EPC will remain valid for 5 years from date of issue. Following that period, an updated EPC is required every 3 years and is to be displayed together with the original EPC for comparison.

What types of EPC may be required?

In general, two types of building certificate rating may be issued:

- Design Rating: For buildings that are sold or hired on-plan, before actual construction, or

- Asset Rating: For buildings that are sold or hired after construction.


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Sara Grech Ltd

Triq L-Esportaturi 


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Engel & Völkers
Licence Partner Malta Regional Market Center
  • Triq L-Esportaturi Central Business District, Zone 3, Mriehel
    CBD 3010 Birkirkara
  • Phone 79494884
    Fax: +356 2347 0199

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