Whether you are planning an entirely new house and garden or moving to an existing property in a developed neighbourhood, in both cases the garden fence will be an issue. The following information will provide you with an insight into how you can succeed in reconciling your own preferences, local customs and the legal requirements.
A garden fence is a special type of boundary. To find your ideal design, think about what purpose it intends to serve. It can prevent people and even animals from entering the property uninvited. It can provide privacy and protect against wind and noise.
It can even help keep peace between neighbours. Now that's a nice thought. It’s all the more rewarding to find a garden fence that goes well with the house and property and gives it a distinctive look. No matter whether you choose a purely functional perimeter, a privacy screen or a handmade designer version, they are all subject to regulations.
In Germany, the legal requirements for fence construction can be found in the German Civil Code. In addition, neighbour law applies and, with a few exceptions, this is a federal state matter. In addition, the design may be further restricted by zoning ordinances and fencing statutes of the respective town or municipality. So, for the sake of planning security, these questions should be clarified with the local authorities before construction begins. Many a variant requires an application and approval from the building authorities.
The term "local custom and practice" also plays a role. This ensures that despite individual preferences a certain degree of uniformity is maintained in a residential area. Regional customs and property prices also play a role.
Obtaining relevant information in advance avoids potential problems. No-one wants to provoke disputes with the neighbour or even legal disputes and dismantling, as well as the costs involved. A developer should assume that each country has its own legal regulations regarding perimeter construction. This also applies to other European countries or to the rest of the world. The trick is to observe these with as much creativity and own ideas as possible, but still in accordance with the law.
The look is determined by personal preference and desired function. A garden fence should blend harmoniously with the style of the house. This may mean that an older house is better suited to a more traditional fence design. For the modern designer house, however, it may be appropriate for the fence to have a more discreet character in order to emphasise the special appearance of the house.
Generally, we recommend something timelessly beautiful, because too much extravagance will quickly make you feel fed up with it. Even if you are planning to sell a property, this is a factor to consider.
The fence can be made of dead or living material. Hedges are living boundaries and are a popular privacy screen once they reach a sufficient height of about 1.70 m. Another example is the wooden picket fence. It is light and continuous, allowing vegetation to grow and fauna to find a habitat. The classic wooden strip element is also found in modern designs and can create a successful fusion of tradition and modernity. For urban gardening, which is becoming increasingly popular, a closed fence that prevents hungry rodents from entering is more suitable.
The costs are primarily determined by the fence length and the material used. Wire fences are one of the cheaper variants, directly followed by wooden garden fences. Consideration must be given to ongoing maintenance costs, as wood is not weatherproof. The range extends from prefabricated fence elements from the DIY store to special designs made of regional, sustainable woods.
Coated or galvanised metal fences are considerably more expensive, but are permanently weatherproof. Prices including installation can vary from twenty to fifty to several thousand euros per metre.