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Tips for a sound night’s sleep

A comfortable bed doesn’t necessarily mean that you are getting the quality sleep you need; the most important item for a good sleep experience is your mattress.

It has been shown that we spend approximately a 1/3 of our lives sleeping, so it is fair to say it is a valuable part of our lives. It is the only time our body gets to repair and recharge itself for the next day’s activities, making it vital to choose the right mattress to feel rejuvenated and not lethargic when
waking up.

“Investing in a good quality mattress that is perfect for you is significant as it could be quite costly, but if done right, be a valuable investment for years to come. With all the choices available, it could become quite overwhelming, so arm yourself with knowledge before purchasing, do not be afraid to test and to ask what you need to know” notes Tihara Baker, Relationship Manager for Engel & Völkers Southern Africa



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If you’re in the market for a new mattress, here is a list of things you should keep in mind when buying:

LIFESPAN

Each mattress is unique and can last for as long as it is cared for. If you treat your mattress properly it could easily last up to 7 - 10 years, however this is merely dependent on its maintenance and use.

Best brands for longest lifespan: It’s impossible to give a generic answer as to what brand of mattress will have the longest lifespan and be the best for you. It is very much based on the type of mattress you prefer or require due to health reasons, and your own personal comfort preference. Well-known brands include Simmons, Cloud Nine and Sealy.

Best type for longest lifespan: Any mattress that is used more frequently will have a shorter lifespan. So for example in your spare room you can maybe buy a cheaper mattress as it will be used less. For the main bedroom, buy a good quality as it needs to last longer. As a basic rule of thumb, air and innerspring have the shortest, memory foam offer mid length, whilst latex types are known to last the longest. However, you need to keep in mind that it will still need to be taken care of and cleaned regularly to ensure optimal a longer lifespan.

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CARE TIPS

Read the instructions: Most manufacturers provide specific information on how to care for your mattress. It is always best to follow their guidelines and to understand what the limits are for optimal results and to save you from spending extra money in the future.  

Protect your mattress: Mattress protectors are the best way to keep your mattress free from dust mites, bacteria, bed bugs and to create waterproof barriers. These covers are great especially when potty-training kids, and for people who tend to sweat in their sleep, toward off bacteria getting through to the mattress as they are simple to remove and wash.   

Beds are not trampolines: If you or your kids want to use your bed as a trampoline, this will seriously damage your mattress. Jumping on the mattress can do a lot of damage to its coil unit, comfort layers and foundation. The mattress will become too soft and compressed in no time at all and will leave you with a creaky and sagging surface.

Know where to sit: Avoid repeatedly sitting in the same spot for prolonged periods of time. For example don’t sit on the same edge of your bed to get dressed or tie your shoes, as doing so may eventually cause sagging or a weakened edge your mattress could lose it structure prematurely.

The Base: A base provides the best foundation for your mattress and ensures that it stays supportive and comfortable for years to come. Most manufacturers recommend buying a base and a mattress as a unit to ensure optimal performance.

Rotation: While most new mattress models offer a no-flip design, it’s a good idea to give your mattress a clockwise turn every 3 months to ensure even wear and avoid lumps and bump. Rotating it should be preventive maintenance, not something you try to do later to fix an already uncomfortable mattress.

Cleaning: Launder your sheets and mattress protection weekly in hot water to remove irritants like pollen and dust mites. Stains or spills should always be treated with caution - use slightly soapy water and a soft wash cloth to gently blot, never rub the affected area. Avoid harsh chemicals, as they may damage the foams and fibres.


TYPES

Memory foam

  • Consists of at least 5cm of memory foam, over at least 15 cm of support foam
  • Min 10 years warranty, if kept ventilated, clean, and rotated

Pros:

  • Has the unique ability to conform to your body while dispersing your weight evenly throughout the bed. It improves circulation, making it ideal for achy joints, morning pains and restless sleepers
  • Resistant to mould, bacteria, bed bugs, dust mites and many types of allergens
  • Less prone to sagging

Cons:

  • Retain heat, restrict body movement
  • Lack bounce, and have extended break-in periods
  • Fairly expensive

Innerspring  

  • A variety of steel coil support systems consisting of springs connected into a single unit or individually wrapped pocketed coils
  • Most likely will need replacing within 7-8 years

Pros:

  • Consumer familiarity and widely available
  • Various firmness and comfort options to choose from
  • Most affordable mattress type on the market

Cons:

  • Heavy and hard to move in order to clean or flip
  • Movements are distributed through the whole surface, if you sleep with a partner, you will feel their movement
  • Because of their underlying layers of wool and fibre, it provides the perfect environment for dust mites to breed without being disturbed.

Hybrid

  • Combining two or more different types of support systems, typically sophisticated memory foams with an advance dinner spring system
  • Poly foam is cheap and degrades quickly, so if the bed uses a lot in its base foam, the overall lifespan of the mattress will be shorter than the innerspring

Pros:

  • Reduces the motion transfer that can occur with tossing and turning
  • Cool sleeping surface
  • Less expensive than memory foam mattresses, making them a good choice for budget-conscious shoppers

Cons:

  • Initial off gassing odour
  • Shorter lifespan due to large amount of polyfoam
  • Heavy and difficult to move

Latex  

  • These are the crème de la crème, and tick all the boxes for quality and longevity. All-latex mattresses consist of all-natural, blended, or synthetic latex.
  • One of the most durable, resilient mattress materials which can last up to 15 years

Pros:

  • Extremely comfortable - this is due to the natural springiness of latex
  • Promotes pain relief and is an ideal choice for those with back pain or joint pain

  • A huge advantage of latex mattresses is their ability to promote proper spine alignment

Cons:

  • Tend to be more expensive than a cheap spring coil mattress or polyurethane (PU) foam mattress
  • Somewhat heavier than many other types

Foam 

  • Constructed of different weights and densities of petrochemical-based flexible polyurethane foams or latex rubber foams.
  • Low density foam has a short lifespan where higher density foam means more support and more durability.

Pros:

  • Limited heat retention
  • Adequate motion isolation
  • Affordable

Cons:

  • Too firm for some
  • Relatively thin
  • Below-average edge support

Pillow Top 

  • Additional padding sewn into the top of the mattress. This padding can consist of regular foam, memory foam, latex, fibrefill, cotton or wool
  • Can last up to 5-8 years

Pros:

  • Above average initial comfort
  • Tops that include memory foam tend to have exceptional pain-relief potential
  • Conforming ability

Cons:

  • Not being able to flip the mattress is one of the biggest objections
  • Heat retention
  • The pillow top part doesn’t last as long as the rest of the mattress


GUARANTEE VS. WARRANTY

The most reassuring thing about buying a bed or mattress from a reputable retailer is the guarantee and warranty that comes with it. It is great to be comfortable in the knowledge that your investment is protected.

For example, if you have bought a bed with a 10 year manufacturer's warranty, the first 2 years (depending on the manufacturer’s terms), you will be reimbursed in full for any defective workmanship, this is known as a guarantee. The guarantee covers poor workmanship and/or material defects only. The manufacturer will either replace or repair your bed in accordance with their guarantee policy.  

Tihara explains that your warranty comes into effect as soon as your bed's guarantee period has elapsed. After this time period, you will be asked to pay a pro-rata cost for any repairs for the remaining 8 years, this is called a warranty. Warranty periods differ between all manufacturers, anywhere from between 1 to 25 years.

KEEP MAINTENANCE IN MIND

Rotating and flipping your mattress is not the only important thing it needs to last its full lifespan. Mattresses are home to bacteria, germs, mould and mildew, that can slowly eat away at the mattress materials and could later also start causing allergies. “It is advisable to have it cleaned professionally from time to time, though cleaning it yourself now and again is better than not at all ”Tihara added. It’s very important when you clean your mattress to do it with proper cleaning products that it can withstand:

Step 1: Vacuum it

Vacuum all the overlapping, narrow paths and the sides of your mattress, to get rid of any dirt namely pet hair and dust that’s accumulated over time.

Step 2: Get the stains out

Mattresses typically acquire 3 types of stains: blood, urine, and any other fluids. 

 

  • Dried blood stains can be treated by making a paste of 1/4 cup hydrogen peroxide (3%) mixed with 1 tbsp. of liquid dish soap and table salt. Lightly spread this onto the stain and allow it to dry before scraping the residue off. Dab at any remaining stain with a white cloth dipped into hydrogen peroxide, rotating the cloth as the stain lifts off. (Using a white cloth prevents dye transfer from the cloth to the mattress). 

  • Urine stains dissolve 3 tbsp. baking soda in 236ml of hydrogen peroxide and add a drop or two of liquid dish soap. Dab this solution onto the spot. (Do NOT drench your mattress). If the stain persists, wait until the area is dry then whisk together 3 tbsp. dry laundry detergent powder and 1 tbsp. water to make a dry foam. Lightly spread this on the stain and let it sit for 30 minutes. Scrape the dried paste away with a spoon. Use a white cloth dipped into hydrogen peroxide to remove any stubborn bits of paste. Vacuum the area.

  • Other bodily fluids (vomit, etc.) can be removed by blotting the stain with undiluted, unscented household ammonia. (Do NOT drench your mattress). Wipe the area with a clean, damp cloth and sprinkle the spot with baking soda to neutralize the odour and pull out any lingering moisture. Let this dry then vacuum the area thoroughly.

Step 3: Deodorize it

Over time sweat can build up. To rid your mattress of foul odours, sprinkle it well with baking soda and gently rub it in with a scrub brush, so it gets into the mattress fabric. Let the baking soda sit for at least 10 min, and then sprinkle another light layer of baking soda over the entire surface and let it sit for a couple of hours. It will absorb any excess odour or liquid from the stain removal process, and leave your mattress smelling fresh and clean. Vacuum the area thoroughly.

Step 4: Flip mattress and repeat steps 1-3


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MATTRESS BUYING CHECKLIST

  • How much can you afford? Knowing your budget is a great help, but saving a little more for a superior brand or type of mattress is a better plan. Rather opt for a 10 year long-term investment than having to purchase a new one every 3 years.

  • What size do you need? If you are buying a complete new bed including the base, you must remember to measure your room as you also need to make sure you have enough space, not only for the bed to fit, but also to move around the bed freely. The ideal comfortable space around the bed should be 90cm.

  • Check the warranty and guarantee. This differs from manufacturer to manufacturer obviously the longer the warranty, the better.

  • What type do you prefer? This will depend on your budget, personal requirements and needs as well as your individual comfort preference.

  •  Keep your original base in mind. Should you not be buying a complete new bed you will have to find out if your base will it be able to give the mattress of your choice the ultimate support.

  • Keep your weight in mind. A firmer comfort level is generally recommended for individuals of above average weight and build. The recommended mattress for plus-size people should be around 30cm thick; this is because thicker mattresses are able to better contour to the sleeper’s body, providing better pressure relief. Overall, memory foam and latex ranked as the best mattress types over spring beds and typically last years longer.

  • Is the bed long and wide enough for you? Want to know if a mattress is going to be wide enough? Lie down on your back and put your elbows behind your head. Do your elbows touch your partner or stretch past the edge of the mattress? If yes, then you probably need a bigger size. A good mattress fit should give you at least 15cm of space at the foot of the bed.  

  • Firm or soft? Be aware that firm mattresses aren't always better for your back. Contrary to popular belief, a mattress doesn't have to be firm to be good for your back - there's a difference between firm support and a firm feel.

  •  Your sleep position is also important:

  • Firm - if you sleep on your stomach, a firm mattress will keep your spine aligned.

  • Medium - best if you sleep on your back, as it'll provide support for your spine, back and neck while keeping you comfortable.

  • Soft - great for sleeping on your side because it'll support and contour to your body's curves.

  • Most importantly don't dial for your mattress - try before you buy. Whoever will be sleeping on the bed should go shopping for the bed. You really do have to lie down in your usual sleep position and give yourself a few minutes to see if it’s right for you. Turn from side to side, evaluate the support level, and make sure you feel relaxed and comfortable in all positions.


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